Tag Archives: shapes

Exercise: Rhythms and Patterns

Produce at least photographs, one should convey rhythm, the other pattern.






Exercise: Real and implied triangles

Produce two sets of triangular compositions in photographs. one using ‘real’ triangles, the other making ‘implied’ triangles


Find a subject which is itself triangular (it can be a detail of something larger)

real triangle


Make a triangle by perspective, converging towards the top of the frame

Converging towards the top


Make an inverted triangle, also by perspective, converging towards the bottom of the frame

Converging towards the bottom



Make a still like arrangement of 5 or 6 objects to produce a triangle with the apex at the top

Implied triangle apex top


Make a still life arrangement as above, but so that the triangle is inverted, with the apex at the bottom

Implied triangle apex bottom


Arrange three people in a group picture in such a way that either their faces or the lines of their bodies makes a triangle

Bodies making a triangle

Exercise: Implied Lines

Plan and take two photographs that use the following kinds of implied lines to lead the eye:

– an eye line

– the extension of a line or lines that point


The first image is of my subject looking down at his new camera so the eye line is between him and the camera.

eye line


The second image is a line that points, I took this is the local park and framed it so that the line curved and led you in, then all I had to do was to wait for someone to walk past and when they were nearing the exit of the park, I took the image as I wanted the line to lead and point you to a subject.

Lines that point

Exercise: Curves

For this exercise I had to take four photographs using curves to emphasise movement and direction.

Curves 1

I love this image, I did a tight crop looking up inside a structure at the Space Museum. As it was a bright day and it was quite monochrome to start with, I just converted it black and white for more effect.

Curves 2

While this car was static, the streamlined art deco styling creates a sense of movement with the curved bonnet of the car and then re-enforced with the curving lines of the bonnet and the radiator.

Curves 3

For a different take on curves, this image has a curving road to the left  but also the illusion of a further curve to the right. I was inspired to take a less obvious image after looking at the suggested curves in an image within the course book.

Curves 4

The final image of curves was of a spiral staircase taken from the top looking down and following the curving steps down.

Exercise: Diagonals

This exercise required me to take 4 photographs featuring diagonals, either real diagonals such as staircases or diagonals created through camera angle and perspective.


Diagonal 2

For this image, the railway tracks curved off and away into the distance, I created the diagonal effect by positioning myself to the left at an angle and focusing on the right hand tracks for the diagonal.

Diagonal 3

This was taken at a museum and due to the setting and barriers, the only viewpoint I could get was from a side view. I like the rolls of cotton forming the diagonal through the frame and focusing close in cut out the background and creates leading lines for the eye.

Diagonal 4

This is the closest that I came to finding a natural diagonal. A local boat lock forms a diagonal zigzag from a certain perspective. I framed this image carefully to provide a main point of interest as the first line draws the eye in and then it follows onto the second line.

diagonal path

This is one of my favourite diagonal images, careful framing and a high viewpoint  puts the path into a diagonal positioning from right to left. The person stood on the end of the path emphasises the sense of scale

Project: Lines

Exercise: Horizontal and vertical lines

For this exercise I had to take 4 images of a horizontal line, and 4 of vertical lines. Where possible I had to try to avoid repeating the way a line appears so I was very careful to try and get variety within my compositions.

Horizonal 2 

This first image shows the horizon in two different ways, the four boats all on the same level makes a horizontal line, while this is emphasised by the stone pier behind them again breaking the image into clearly divided areas. I’f i’d included more sky or altered the composition slightly then this would also have been working to the rule of thirds.

Horizontal 1

I like this image and the car fills the frame horizontally but also is reinforced with the focus on the line decoration on the car. A close crop in really helps to distract the eye from the car as a whole and just draws it to the horizontal lines.

Horizontal 3

This third image is quite a simple one, I chose the pier supports because I find the eye is drawn into the image at the horizontal line more than the two verticals. I converted this to black and white just for sheer aesthetics as I felt it looked better.

Horizontal 4

I really like this last image as I find that it has three lots of horizontal lines which draws the eye in and across the image. The top lines on the boat, at the bottom of the boat and through its reflection, and then the strip of water is also horizontal. Again I just converted this to black and white as due to the lighting, it was quite close to monochrome itself.


Vertical 1

This is an easy image to capture as the subject matter of a lighthouse really emphasises the vertical aspect and draws the eye in and up.

Vertical 2

For the next image, I took a close up image of old pier struts and as they are all vertical, you look at the front subject, then the eye slowly moves back to the other subjects. A close crop ensures that there is no distraction for the eye and viewer.

Vertical 4

Vertical lines are enhanced in this image due to the buildings, the drainpipe and alleyway leading you in. A conversion to black and white removes some of the distraction of the background in the alley that it had when in colour.

Vertical 3

This is my favourite image, part of a pylon in a museum. I didn’t do any processing or cropping apart from changing it black and white. Not only does the vertical line draw you in but the not very obvious subject also captures the eye.

Exercise: Multiple Points

This required me to set up a still life with an unfussy background. I set up my camera on a tripod and decided to use my macro lens with a selection of coins as my subject. The coins were placed on a wooden chest as the background gave a neutral contrast but with some colour and texture still.

I tried this exercise 3 times, each time recomposing and re arranging and the set of images here are my preferred ones.

For the final part, I’ve made a sketch of the shapes and put this into my paper learning log, the final shape of the coin looking more triangular to me tha anything else.


Points 1Points 2Points 3Points 4Points 5Points 6Points 7Points 8Points 9Points 10