Exercise: Making figures anonymous

Take some photographs that include a person or people in a particular place but deliberately make them anonymous, consider techniques such as small and many; facing away; in silhouette; partly obscured; motion blur or any other.

Make between two and four photographs

Image 1- this first images uses the small and many, the three people in the café are quite small and at a distance to the viewer so that while you can see there are people there, they aren’t clear to the viewer so remain anonymous.


Image 2- This image was taken out in the street, with the sun and the shadows of the building, the subject is in silhouette so you can’t see them clearly. Technically I would reject this image as the shadow areas are very dark, however for the task of rendering a person anonymous this works.


Image 3- For image three, this works differently to the others, from my inside viewpoint I can see through to the end of the Manchester day parade outside. Not only am I photographing through glass, but I’ve used the colour filter on my camera, which while gimmicky, is fun and I love the contrast between black and white with a pop of a red or blue. It also saves me time in Photoshop to recreate this. The final addition to making the people anonymous is with the lines of the glass coving parts of their faces as they walk past.



Exercise: Busy Traffic

Choose a busy location, interior or exterior and find a viewpoint that will give you a satisfying composition as well as a good sense of the nature and function of the space. Aim to show the ‘busyness’ of the place

For this exercise, I took photographs in different locations and then reviewed them afterwards to see which were more appropriate.

Image 1- Liverpool One steps is included as you can see the mixture of the shoppers and visitors moving between Liverpool One and the docks area, and you can also see that the steps are being used as a place to relax and rest in the sun. This area is often very busy at weekends and when it’s nice weather, on this occasion there were Battle of the Atlantic celebrations at the docks so the place was extra busy with moving traffic.


Image 2- Overhead of Liverpool One. Again this was taken on the same day and in the same area, showing more the shopping side of things, this shows the thoroughfare between the different shops within these streets


Image 3- for a difference, I took some images at Piccadilly gardens in Manchester, this was a busy lunchtime with people moving between their offices and different shops for food, people eating in the parks and just stopping off for a while. This shows the busyness of the place being connected to the bus and tram routes, shops and a green space to enjoy and the fact this is a hub for people in the city centre.


Exercise: A single figure small

Find a suitable situation to photograph a single figure small, consider the viewer’s eye and how the figure will be in the image.

I was actually working on some images of the cathedral for a previous assignment and saw the person stood in the open space. I waited until they had moved a little more into the lighter area as I thought that the contrast between them and their dark clothes would stand out and draw the viewer’s eye into the image. Not only does this show a single figure small but in the huge open space of the cathedral, this really gives a sense of scale, and I feel also of awe and silence as its very clear what the building is and why people are using it


Look 13 festival visit part 2


I took advantage of the bank holiday weekend to visit some more of the galleries and exhibitions that are part of the Look 13 photography festival.

Wolstenholme Creative Space

‘Liverpool, Unfinished’ by Rob Bremner

I knew that I wanted to visit the Wolstenholme Creative Space to see ‘Liverpool, Unfinished’ by Rob Bremner as it has a very limited opening run. While it was further down Slater Street than I expected, the gallery space was signposted although when I arrived in the middle of day with bright sunshine, looking inside the dark space and empty room was a little concerning. In reality I had the preconception that I’d be looking at hung images, instead I was in a cool darkened space similar to being in a cellar and I had the whole place and slideshow (real slide negatives too) to myself, apart from the festival volunteer. With no light or anything to distract it was easy to focus on the images. While some whizzed past quite quickly and I would have liked to have studied them in more detail, my attention was purely on the content. Very much in the vein of Tom Wood, Bremner features a mix of different people and families in 1980’s Liverpool. A lot of the buildings and places seemed run down and tired, well before the huge regeneration projects, and while the fashions left a lot to be desired, I did wonder what had happened to these people, especially the young families and children. There was also a running though out which seemed to be very strong older women, looking like they had both physical strength and strength of character that you wouldn’t mess with. The images won’t set the world on fire, they are very much of a time and place that has been covered by other photographed but for a well composed snapshot into how Liverpool once was, it’s really worth seeing, and it’s a shame that Bremner has never finished this as I’d love to see the next generation of images that future exhibitions will show.

Further info and a sample of images at



I love this image, it’s from the festival programme and I wouldn’t upset these ladies.

I did try to get to the Museum of Liverpool but the Battle of the Atlantic festival was on and it was a struggle moving around the docks area. I then headed to the Open Eye gallery for their new exhibitions.

The Open Eye Gallery


There are two artists exhibiting inside the Open Eye Gallery, downstairs showing different series of work from Charles Fréger which is called ‘The World and the Wise’. Underneath this overall heading are five different bodies of work.DSCF0270

‘The Wild and the Wise’ by Charles Fréger

‘Wilder Mann, 2010’


The ‘Wilder Mann’ series involved Fréger visiting and observing 50 communities in 18 European countries, observing the different rites featuring traditional costumes and rituals that form part of the ‘wild man’. The images were all quite different, while the overall theme was evident, each country had a different take on the tradition and festival and it was only obvious when reading through the supplementary information that the history and different countries came out. I found that it wasn’t easy guess what some of these were and I found myself looking at the landscape more than the costumes trying to guess the background. As a series, I found it visually striking, I didn’t like the content of the images but I know that it’s just my personal choice and I can see that they are well composed and interesting. Some visitors while I was there just gave them a cursory glance, decided they didn’t like them and moved on. I’m not a fan of Fréger’s work but that’s my choice based on what I do and don’t find aesthetically pleasing and with my student head on it’s very interesting to look at and to notice the detail and wonder about the stories. I could see the running theme of identify through all of the images.

‘Penitente, 2004’

The back wall of the gallery was taken up with two large images of hooded figures, while it’s very hard to see any identify there, you can still see their eyes so feel a sense of personality in there even though you’ve nothing else to measure them on.

‘Legionnaires, 2000-2001’


This series consisted of 9 uniformed and 9 naked legionnaires, without the uniform, the identity is removed and you don’t get any indication of their background or who they are. For me I feel that their identity is within the uniform and they cannot tell their story without it.

‘Rikishi, 2002-2003’

This was the series on sumo wrestlers, my thoughts on this are very much in the same vein as ‘Legionnaires’. There were different costumes/outfits but I didn’t get a sense of coherency with these, I felt they were different portraits of people who do the same thing but that I didn’t feel it was anything more and that other series by Fréger told the story better than this one.

Other work in the exhibition included:-

‘Hereros, 2007’

What really stood out for me with this and linked the series was the splash of red that each subject whereas, some wear a lot, others are just a hint but this really catches the eye (and returns to an earlier post I made about the colour red and its occurrence in nature) and for me ties the whole set of images together.


‘2 Nelson, 2004’

This is a series on wrestlers and I found the composition more interesting that the content. The action all happens in the lower third of the frame and this is repeated through all of them, so they essentially all have a cream backdrop and most of the movement is on the blue mat. They have been composed so that there are heads and feet etc. outside of the frame. I feel that this was the photographer’s choice to show these where the subject is not square in the frame as it adds to the sense of action and movement and you can almost imagine them rolling out from one frame to the t next. Does it fit in with identity and who do I think I am? I’m not sure as part from showing two people at a pastime, there isn’t anything there that say identity to me. No more so than a photograph of myself in gym gear would give many clues away about myself.


‘Short School Haka, 2009’

I’ve seen the haka performed and know what it consists of, within this series, the images are linked with the themes of the dance and the school uniform. I felt that the bright primary colours of the uniforms gave these images their impact.

‘Drape’ by Eva Stenram

The second exhibition within the Open Eye gallery is ‘Drape’ by Eva Stenram, based on found images of pin up style photographs. The accompanying text with the exhibition states that ‘In the Drape series (2011-2012), the background- the drapes that give the show its title- and foreground are exchanged, Once the backdrop falls in front of the model (negating access to the subject and only showing glimpses of her objectified body), the viewer becomes fully aware of their voyeuristic desire and erotic impulses’

I felt from looking at these that any eroticism had certainly been removed, turning these images into more of a puzzle of to what the pose and outfits (if any) under the drapes would have been. In place we get what now seem to be strange poses and disembodied limbs which felt more humorous to me than anything else. I disagree somewhat with the statement that says now the images are covered, you become more aware of your feelings towards the subject. Having never seen the originals, I don’t think a viewer would come into this with any erotic impulses, and seeing the subjects covered and not having seen the original certainly won’t embody the view with voyeuristic desire as you don’t feel you are intruding or seeing something that you shouldn’t be.


The Bluecoat

‘I exist (in some way)’ Various Artists


‘I exist (in some way)’ features the work of photographers who explore, frame or reveal constructions of personal and collective identity in the contemporary Arab world. This description from the festival programme sums up the varied artists and work featured within this exhibition. I went through and looked at it all, and made notes about the pieces that really interested me. The first part I saw of this about a week before was by Laura El-Tantawy and while it was only a quick visit between events, I really enjoyed her work and found it stimulated me to think about the background of the people featured in the event. On the second visit I noticed more, there was actually a soundtrack playing which I think was of music and voices in Cairo- again I’d need to revisit, and I saw the background information on the theme of the images which was to present a view of pro-democracy subjects in the Tahir Square and surrounding streets during demonstrations. What I saw in the faces of grief but hope, was not from a loss or war, it was from passion to change their society. Knowing this doesn’t change the images for me, however it makes them easier to study as if I’m no longer intruding into a private moment.


I won’t summarise all of the work that I saw within this, just some key ones that I felt were worth a mention.

‘Through the looking glass’ by Lamya Gargash

Throughout the series, this really stands out as a different take on identity and how we see ourselves, and how we feel others see us. These feature two portraits of a subject, the first one is a standard portrait, and the subject is standing up against a coloured background. As portraits go, these are just normal people being photographed. Next to this then is a modified portrait where the subjects perceived flaw such as eye bags or a large chin have been exaggerated to monstrous proportions. When looking at the image of Lindsay, or Jimmy, I don’t notice the flaws that are exaggerated yet I can put myself in their place and think my flaws are hugely obvious. It’s a very sobering reminder that we’re not perfect and the only people looking for perfection are ourselves, when looking in a mirror we are our own harshest critics.


‘Mother, Daughter and Doll, 2010’ by Boushra Almutawakel

This piece of work is exploring gender through the overlapping viewpoints of Almutawakel, as a mother, a Muslim and a Yemeni woman, using different clothing from and differing levels of veils to cover up. I was really interested in the series of images and how the demeanour of Almutawakel and her daughter changes through each one. The first image is very colourful and positive, and with each change from the positioning of the veil/headscarf, the subjects seem to withdraw, they look more serious and by the end of the series when the veils also have an additional veil over the eyes and they are wearing gloves, it’s very hard to read a person from just the eyes. The final image is just of a black draped box and background, no sitter there at all, they are invisible. Reading a little more into this after I’d visited, the series focuses on the different levels of covering up that women can be expected to undertake, and while there are advantages and disadvantages of wearing a full hijab, the point is that the choice to be veiled should be up to the individual, not society or circumstances defining how other people should look and that comes across. If you look at the free choice in the first image, the artist is obviously more comfortable than later on when fully veiled and gloved. It’s certainly thought provoking as someone who has had the liberty to wear whatever I’ve wanted over as I’ve grown up.



Almutawakel also has some images in this exhibition entitled the ‘Fulla’ series, an Islamic version of the Barbie doll. This stood out as an interesting series for me, I loved Barbie and other dolls when I was younger and can see this as an interesting introduction to a different culture and westernised view. It’s certainly something that I’ll keep an eye and follow as I’d love to see where the character goes next.

‘French Muslim Women’ by Laura Boushnak

France has the continent’s largest Muslim population and this series features a wide range of women from differing ages who have converted to Islam and their lives as they bridge their new religion with traditional French society. The standout of these was that fact that Boushnak had captured the everyday normality that these women were taking part in, such as the outside exercise class and waiting for a train. These aren’t images about Muslim culture or being French, these are images that show whatever nationality of faith you are, we all do the same things.

My final highlight of this series was ‘Nation Estate’ by Larissa Sansour.

As I walked into the furthest gallery, my eyes were immediately drawn towards the Nation Estate poster that very much reminded me of ‘Metropolis’, the concept of everyone living in one huge skyscraper with different cities on each floor and it all being very futuristic really appealed to me. The large format images stood out and while they are very much composite images, they stimulated me into thinking what it would be like to be in a place so controlled that it was all in one building. Would I go stir crazy not being to get out and see something outside the skyscraper?


Other Images from the gallery


Sander/Weegee: Selections from the Side Photographic Collection

The upper gallery was split between a selection of images first from Weegee and then from Sander. I’d seen a couple of images from Weegee before in exhibitions but this was the first series I’d seen. Sander as a photographer was new to me, having only seen a couple of examples within books. The images from the series ‘Naked City’ were my favourite ones, really captivating and showing the ups and downs in people’s lives. The snapshots of the people and the city were fascinating, not glamorous and I felt quite gritty in both substance and the black and white film used (while this was the only affordable choice, it does add character in my eyes) The subject matter is not always easy to view, I found the building on fire more shocking by the advertisement that says ‘Simply add boiling water’ immediately linking the heat of the fire with the water being poured onto it. While looking at these images and seeing the tragedy in them, such as ‘Police helping wife of a murdered man’ isn’t always easy, they are one of the more interesting sets of street photography I’ve seen.

The Sander collection featured a number of portraits from working people such as a varnisher to circus artists. I had to guess about these people, some seem to be in a context that gives some clues whereas others are not. I think I would have liked to have seen some more images in the series, from what I did see, I liked a couple of them but the images from Weegee were more interesting to me.

The Walker Art Gallery

There are three exhibitions on at the Walker art gallery, I managed to see two while I was there and will go back for the portraits from the Keith Medley archive.

Every Man and Woman is a star featuring Martin Parr and Tom Wood

This features a mixture of images from both Parr and Wood. I’d seen a few of the Wood photographs the previous week at his talk so didn’t really focus on those too much as I was quite familiar with the all zones of peak and Chelsea reach nightclub images. I found it quite interesting to see Parr’s work in black and white compared to his usual saturated colour and to see his quite understated Irish scenes. I think we all have a preconception about how Parr’s images look and to see something a bit different was worth the visit.


Alive: In the face of death by Rankin

This was one of the exhibitions that I was most keen on seeing, I’d never seen anything exhibited by Rankin before, only magazine images and the changing gallery exhibition space in the Walker always puts on excellent exhibitions so I was looking forward to seeing a challenging body of work.


The exhibition welcomes you with a stunning image of Sandra Barber, which has been used for the cover publicity. She’s striking to look at, not because her hair is at a just growing back from shaved stage, but her strong black eye make-up as a mask and the feather collar really grab the eye. The accompanying text says that she’s showing her inner warrior and I have to agree, she looks strong, confident and inspiring.

Moving from this into an area with a series of ‘death masks’, based on the ‘day of the dead’ tradition, these are a series of images that come across as sugar coated and acceptable in a world where the skull is just another fashion symbol. These are striking to look at and throughout all of these images I see the highest quality, both in how technically perfect they are and the composition and colours.


Moving into the main gallery, there’s a mixture of themes, people who have survived a life threatening illness or event, life masks to celebrate the living, people who work with death and people who have a disability or illness which impacts them. Looking at the subject title, I expected this to be a little bit uncomfortable, but after spending some time in there and taking it all it, I get a feeling of strength, hope and positivity. It’s not negative at all and celebrates sheer strength of character. Some of the most eye-catching images are a series where the entire subject and background are coloured such as blue or white, while these were people who had been ill or had a near death experience, this didn’t come across, the use of the one colour all over them focuses the viewer, you don’t see their baggage. Reading their stories you feel their strength and their fight.


The life masks were interesting, having seen historical death masks previously in museums, the idea of a mask of a living person taken possibly when they are still youthful and vibrant is something to be celebrated more than capturing a death bed likeness and reminds us that life should be celebrated while we can. Some of the subjects have a disability or have an oxygen tube in the photograph, I notice these as I spent time studying each image, yet the notes I made were that even when you see that, you don’t really see it, you look through to the person and each image radiates strength.

Since coming back from this on Saturday I’ve been researching this more and looking at the stories behind the shoots and behind each of the people featured. On the ‘Alive’ blog http://alivexrankin.co.uk/blog/ it was announced that a week ago, one of the subjects Louise Page lost her fight with cancer. Her images were a set of feisty portraits in a Vivienne Westwood gown where she is smiling and then crying, even with smudged mascara and tear stains she looks like she’s fighting. That’s what I want to take from this exhibition, when faced with adversity, tragedy and pain all we can do is keep smiling and keep strong and powerful, and never stop fighting.

Liverpool Look 13 Photography Festival Opening Weekend


Thursday 16th May

As part of the opening weekend of the Look 13 photography festival, I’d had a mad moment and booked onto a few events. While I couldn’t attend the full symposium on the Friday, I did take some time off from work to attend the events on the Thursday, and the talks being held on the Saturday. These are my summaries of the events I went to, I took loads of notes, saw loads of images, heard lots of people talk and I really enjoyed it. I’d almost moved into the Bluecoat over these two days and found the mixture of activities put on by Redeye and Miniclick (as well as all the other people involved in the events) so worthwhile, excellent value and something I’d be very keen to attend again.

Portfolio Review

I had my first portfolio review outside of my peer group as part of the opening weekend of Look 13. Whereas I’d previously shown my work to fellow OCA students, this was the first time I’d shown anything to a critical stranger. I’d only booked one session as I wasn’t sure what I wanted to get out of it and how critical it would be. While I did have some bodies of work to show, I wasn’t looking for advice on where to take the projects next.

I took three bodies of work that I’d previously taken and submitted for my OCA coursework including the Battle of Nantwich series on people undertaking an activity, my ‘stone’ series and my ‘Forsaken’ project. Of all of these, the one that I will continue to work on as it interests me and I feel is the way that I want my work to go, is the ‘Forsaken’ project. My reviewer was Petra van den Houten from Redeye photographic network.

My supplementary information that I was asked to provide in advance, I found this harder than actually going through the review.

What kind of work you do

My style is quite varied; I do wildlife, architectural and urban images mostly. I’m working on my own personal style and tend to focus a lot on quirky and unusual subjects. My weakest area is portraiture and that’s something I’d like to improve on


We discussed portraiture and how it wasn’t an area I was naturally inclined towards, I wanted to try it but it didn’t come as easily to me as other work. Petra’s advice was to try it if I wanted to but if it wasn’t a strength area for me, to look at what I am good at and enjoy and to pursue these. Good portraiture photography usually requires professional models and lighting, both of which I don’t have.

Of all of the images, the stone series didn’t really get a mention; I guess they are ok but didn’t catch the eye as much as the others. I should focus on my strengths which are the more unusual/urban type of images that I’ve produced so far. While I didn’t think that my personal voice was established enough and I felt that I was still trying to find it, it was clear here

Where you are up to in your career

I’m in a different career at the moment and am currently studying part time for a degree in photography. Ideally I’d like to move into a more creative career path whether its full time or just getting my work published, exhibited and used. I’ve had some images printed in magazines as part of voluntary work, the Urban Design Journal, and the Big Issue in the North.


We discussed ways that I could get more noticed and how to promote my work with a focus on the local area. Other ways of producing work were discussed too- the little 6×4 book was favourably reviewed and a mention of images that could work as postcards if I could find a partner to publish/stock these

What you want from the session.

I’d like some advice on what I should be presenting in a portfolio, can I show that I have variety or do I need a coherent style. I’d also like to discuss how to get my work better known, how to get it seen and discuss finding a ‘personal voice’

I’m not expecting that my work is the finished article, but I am open to advice and criticism as I want to improve and see this session as a step towards this

Summary Comments

– Was viewed upon favourably, Petra told me that if she doesn’t like something, then she would say so and she was positive about the content of the images and also the printing of them

– Contact local press and see if I can get a series of images published in there

– Consider a narrative with the images as this worked well in the book

– Research costings- printing/posting/mounting etc. so that I know what to charge for selling my work

– Always get credited even if you don’t get paid

– Have a blog (I have my blog for OCA which also has other photography bits and pieces on)

– Long term- consider images such as the ‘graffiti’ ones which could be made into postcards

– Portfolio sleeves- ok in some situations to present work in, e.g. if they are being passed around a large group in a small timeframe.

My thoughts

I was nervous before the review, having only shown my work to a small number of people, most of them friendly reviewers without a critical eye, I was expecting to be told that my work is awful. I was surprised that the review was very positive and I’ve come away thinking about actions that I can take to progress, I’d certainly look to book onto more of these, and I would book a couple in one day so I can contrast the reviews and thoughts.

The Perfect Portfolio Talk- Paul Herrmann (Redeye)

This was a talk that encompassed putting together a portfolio but also the pitching your work and having the confidence to do this.

While I was looking forwards to a debate on what you should and shouldn’t do in your portfolio and an example of how these should look, this was a much wider scoped session and really worthwhile insight from Paul Herrmann.

Key Stages


– need confidence in your work

– in talking about your work

– no one is 100% confident

– there is good and bad confidence- illusory confidence, being confident in bad work but having the view that its good


– what’s driving you?


– make lots of work

– making lots of work allows you to find your best

– don’t have gaps in your CV, try to a lot of things going

Testing (either testing your work or research & development)

– presenting to small group/individuals

– show to as many people as possible

– Have peer groups (other OCA students?)

– blogs (blog weekly)

– Have portfolio reviews


– Absorb responses- try something new and better

– Try to push the ideas forwards

– Think ‘what can I do to improve this?’

Pitching and Presenting

The ‘artist’ statement

– Should be straightforward and honest

– Adds something to your work

– Use plain language

– Why you are presenting work that interests you

The ‘elevator’ pitch

– What do you say in 30 seconds?

– People are busy, impatient and judge you in 2 seconds- need to make a good impression

– People tend to like something offbeat/cutting edge

– Many people like to be helpful if it’s easy

– What do think is on their mind? Can you ask them instead of talking about yourself- what did they think of a new exhibition or event?

– Work out what’s interesting to someone

Try to have short answers to:-

– What are you working on?

– Are you published?

– Why are you doing that?

Your Portfolio

– Reward the viewer (work should be enjoyable/fascinating etc.)

– Loose images or bound images?

– Loose if still working on, Bound if its finished or you want it in a certain order

– Make it easy to view, e.g. size, paper, format, name clearly on the portfolio if you leave it

– A matte printed portfolio is easier on the eye (unless it affects tonal range)

– Accept that bits and pieces will get battered and need replacing

– Character/voice needs to emerge-viewers need to see enough of ‘you’ in the work

– Francis Hodgsons rule “Got to have something to say, got to be worth saying, the picture has got to say it”

– Images should relate to each other- be a body of work and in sequence for viewing

– Put your best picture first (what your testing audience have responded to)

– Put the second best image either halfway or at the end

– Only show your very best work

– Consider showing 2 or 3 bodies of work

– Editing- print postcard size, pin on walls and start removing what you don’t like (I do this when working on assignments)

– Printing the images is very good for editing, if in doubt don’t include

– Keep changing and updating your portfolio e.g. last thing in there was taken last week- always keep refreshing

Marketing Toolkit

The rest of your marketing toolkit should contain:-

– Website/blog/social media

– Jpegs for press use- have ready to send out

– Business cards or even postcards with your work on and contact info

– Email news-have a mailing list- email once or twice a year

– You talking- slideshows of your work

– Writing about your work and have other people write about you

Symposium Introductory Talk – John Davies & Laura Pannack

John Davies ‘The landscape as self-portrait’

I went into this with an open mind and looking at the ideas around landscape as a potential subject for future study. While the talk was quite interesting, I felt that it was a little stilted and rambling in places and that as Davies was talking, his mind was skipping ahead to other things leaving the audience in the pauses. I didn’t take lots of notes, but I did take a few key lines and quotes

To begin with, we had the thought that “If we’re true to ourselves, our photographs will reflect who we are”. Davies then went on to speak about a friend of his in the 1970’s, a photographer called Angela Kelly. She was a feminist/activist engaged in women’s identity. I have to admit that it was hard at first to link this introduction to the subject, however it wasn’t so much on this is a landscape and this is how I create one. I felt it was very much about the choice to photograph landscapes and the personal journeys and background that can influence, directly and indirectly the path that one takes. At the end of the talk, it was clearer to see where everything was linked in.


Davies spoke on his childhood as an introduction to his preference for landscapes. He experienced conflict between his family as a child, he wanted escapism and sees isolated wilderness is an escape. He finds meaning in conflict and is interested in a sense of movement and change.

Landscape work

Landscape isn’t restricted to the typical countryside landscape; he’s also photographed urban landscapes such as a series in Sheffield. The composition tends to be similar, an isolate pub in a run-down area or an isolated tree within a field. These symbols represent us, such as the solitary tree in a landscape. Photography lies, we see what we want to see, we choose particular images, this shows a selected view that’s important to use and we can identify with, Davies also reiterated that whatever photograph you make is a reflection of yourself with a different take that the photographers soul is captured by the photographs you choose to capture. Leading from this, Davies talked about Martin Parr and the content of his images in ‘Last Resort’, looking at the images within these there are trends on families and also rubbish everywhere. At the time of working on this Parr had litter piling up and collecting in the alley behind his house and he was discussing having a family with his wife. While it’s not for me to make the judgement on the private influences, it’s certainly interesting to hear the point from someone who knew him at the time and can see his thoughts reflected in the subject content.

Park Royal- an underground river- Davies wanted to reflect on what’s hidden and what deny/hide away. This is a metaphor that reflects his culture. You only understand a sense of beauty by comparing it with something else. He’s interested in how people shape the landscape that we live in. Landscapes are not just a backdrop to people; they can be seen in their own right. We influence the environment, the environment influences us

Laura Pannack

I wasn’t familiar with Laura Pannack, but within a couple of minutes her effortless style just chatting about her work and showing a selection of images really had me grabbed and I felt that I could sit there all night and just listen to her. Her passion and enthusiasm really came across in a very dynamic conversation.

In comparison to Davies’ landscape, Pannack works with people and portraits, exploring trust and vulnerability through images and preferring to work with hidden groups and people who don’t want to be photographed. A lot of the discussion was about connection and building a relationship. Pannack needs to be able to have an emotional impact to an image, through this she can relate to these or engage with this. A lot of the work is about connection with people. Some of the images we saw in the slideshow were a project on photographing photographer as they don’t usually like their photos taken, preferring to be behind a barrier of a lens as they capture other people. Pannack got photographers to stand behind glass with their eyes shut for these portraits. Pannack said she would take the photograph but they didn’t know when, she stripped the controls from them

Vulnerability is a strong theme that runs through with a lot of the subjects being vulnerable such as working with schools and adolescents. Projects are left open; she never closes them so she can always return and favours working on universal themes. You adapt to the person or photographer, one example was when she had to photograph Mike Leigh, she only had a few minutes and he didn’t want to be photographed so she put the camera down and they went for a walk. This disarmed and relaxed him and she got the photograph. With only 10 minutes or less usually to photograph someone, she needs to develop a relationship or adapt to how the situation is to get the image.

A portrait is collaboration between the photographer and the subject. Ask people if you can take their photograph. If they say yes she can spend 40-60 minutes with them getting to know them.

Throughout the talk, as well as learning about Pannack and her work, it was full of really useful tips and ideas. Some of them are common sense such as put lots of research in, spend time getting to know your subjects and that she is always learning, about photography, the situation, the process and about herself. I feel that as a student, I’m always learning and trying to do better, to hear someone working successfully say that they are constantly learning is quite reassuring. A key point that really stuck in my mind is that ‘only the photographer and the subject know what happened just before and just after the photograph has been taken’ The talk ended with a debate between Pannack and Davies, they both have different viewpoints, Pannack likes the unpredictability of people compared to landscape.

Exhibition ‘I exist in some way’

I didn’t get to see all of this exhibition when I visited for the Saturday events, so I will return and add my notes to these. The first part I did see was by Laura El-Tantawy. You walk into the room and it’s all matching tones of browns and earth colours. The walls, framing and colour of the images all complimented each other with the different tones. First to be noticed was the framing, the images were different sizes and all arranged differently into what seemed to be groups. I didn’t know if all the groups were reacting to the same trigger point and that’s why they were together or if I’m looking at the facial expressions and jumping to that conclusion myself. The images have a very close composition on the subjects, the faces are all cropped in some way, sometimes you don’t even see their eyes, they are hidden by hands. I did notice that hands and their position play a key part running through the images, there were biting of nails, covering eyes and even praying. All of the subjects look upset or emotional and it’s left to the viewer to interpret this, I saw hope in some eyes but grief in others.

Saturday 18th May Events

Tom Wood

Back in the performance space where the events of Friday were, the house was almost full for the Tom Wood talk. John Davies who spoke on the Thursday was also in the audience for the talk and actually began by giving the audience his thoughts on Wood. Whereas the comments on Thursday were very much that ‘the photographers soul is captured by the photographs you choose to capture’, Davies said of Wood that he is ‘capturing his own soul when he’s photographing’ with a reflection of his culture and where he’s from in the people that he’s photographing.

This was meant to be a joint book launch with his new work ‘Men and Women’ but at the time of the event the book wasn’t quite ready from the publishers. Hopefully he will return at some point and present the book. At the end of the talk a limited few copies of some of his previous books were for sale, while I didn’t hang around, I was halfway in the quite long queue with the majority selling out before I got to the front of the queue. I plan on getting his next book though when it’s available, some of the images were presented here as part of the talk and I’d like to see more of them.

The format of the talk was Wood speaking, a presentation of a number of images of his different work and projects over the years and people jumping in with questions. While Wood said that he got bored talking and preferred to have people ask questions to keep it interesting for himself, I was really gripped by the talk and listening to him, so for me the questions were interesting but the main draw was really to hear Wood speak.

The photographs were of different subjects and groups taken over his career including the Men and Women series, Looking for Love (Chelsea Reach Nightclub) and All zones off peak (bus travel around Merseyside)


Wood used to go through magazines and postcards in charity shops and compile these into collages. He was always interested in other people’s images and how they can be used, so from an early age he was making decisions on pictures and how they go together. Currently he works with fine artist Padraig Timoney, looking at not the images he knows are good but the other ones to see what can be used in the compilation of books.

Wood moved to Merseyside in 1978 and used colour despite it being more expensive than black and white because he liked the colour. He didn’t know at the time that he was meant to use black and white (colour wasn’t seen as fashionable). His technique has been walking around asking people if he can take their photographs, some said yes, others would say come back. It was all about getting to know an area and the people within it, building a relationship of trust. The All zones off peak series grew from him using the bus network as a way to explore the New Brighton area. At this point John Davies contributed that the people in Wood’s images come across as extended family and also that “anything you want can be landscape” Looking at some of the images, the wider street shots where you have people in it, but they’re not the largest or strongest point of interest and you can see the street and the context that this is more than a portrait, and more than street photography. Landscape, as I am learning is a very generic term that can be tied down to be the beautiful rolling countryside but also the gritty urban cityscape. If I progress with landscape I need to focus very clearly on what it means to me, as opposed to the general view of what it means.

All zones off peak

With the bus travel he would keep repeating the bus routes, getting on at the start, then hopping off at the end, crossing over and getting back on. He sensed who didn’t want their pictures taken and who did. At first he tried to avoid the reflections but after years he realised that they added to the magic. He has photographic accidents, where he gets slow shutter speeds, changing light, blur and didn’t know what he was going to get.

Other work

For the Chelsea Reach series, he used either flash and took one shot, or he used infrared film and a filter on the flash so that he could prevent the people within the club from seeing the flash and allowing him to take more than one image, but he stopped used this as he felt that it was cheating.

Some of the subject he followed and photographed them a number of times, an example was Rachel, when she was 13, 17 and then 33. He printed copies of the portraits he took and shared them with the people he photographed, as well as building up a relationship, they were assured that he was who he was (there was a fear it could be someone investigating dole claims etc) and were more inclined to either be photographed again, or would pass word around to friends and family that he was ok, and then he’d get more compliance. Wood enjoys taking pictures and selecting them but isn’t keen on the editing, sending and all the other day to day tasks. Using a mixture of film cameras from Rolleicord’s to Leica’s he moved to digital around 18 months ago. Prints are more exacting and compared to digital you are more able to see things that you weren’t expecting so it’s better to print images and review them.


This was one of my highlights of the weekend, while I like Martin Parr, I find his images are too bright and saturated for me, Wood combines the street and people photography with punchy but still natural colours and that really appeals. The subjects are really interesting and the stand out for me is the one of the three women all in a row at the ‘women’s market’, the middle one is staring into a container fascinating, I wonder whether there’s anything in there!

Saturday 19th May- the afternoon

The afternoon session after a short lunchbreak (some of which spent queuing for a Tom Wood book!) was Photopulse hosted by Miniclick. The premise was 10 photographers with 10 minutes each to talk about the theme of the festival ‘Who do you think you are’ and to show their work to us. I was looking forwards to seeing Jim Mortram as part of this but unfortunately he was unable to make it, however this didn’t detract from the event and I went into this now knowing any of the photographers and keeping an open mind.

Tadgh Devlin “The 5th Province”

First up we had Tadgh Devlin, an Irish photographer who was looking at home, and different versions of home, how Ireland had changed and also how Ireland is portrayed in other people’s eyes. Emigration was discussed; Irish exiles memories change when they’ve left, and when you return you’re not the same person. Some of the images shown were of the ferry leaving Ireland and the subjects stood with their backs to the camera looking through bars on the rear of the ship out to sea. You don’t see their faces, and don’t know why they are on the ferry, whether leaving Ireland is a short term or long term change. The project prompted him to look at the depiction of stereotypes, tourist attractions that are Irish but attract a wider range of visitors and then to look at his own family and where he grew up.

Eva Vermandel

Vermandel says she was the ‘reluctant photographer’ who wanted to try and break through the perfect surface and see something different. She showed us some of her influences, a lot of painters have proved inspiring, as have photographers such as Julia Margaret Cameron and Wolfgang Tillmans. The series presented here was called ‘Splinter’.

She likes things that have a barrier and need to break through this to get to the core of the work. She also suggested that a viewer needs to review the whole body of work when you look at it.

Alma Hasar

Hasar presented a really interesting concept and a twist on self-portraitures. She experimented with hide and seek, using other people’s houses as props. She had lost her creativity after finishing universality and this was the project that got her creativity back. As well as hiding in houses and taking portraits of herself in position, she also videoed herself getting in and out of the poses, one was on top of a stove within a fireplace. This was extended to inviting other people to send in their own images and videos which can be seen on tensecondsproject.co.uk. Throughout the process she started experimenting and covering her face so that no-one know who she is.

The second part of the presentation was a work called ‘Cosmic Surgery’, again this featured photographic portraits taken but then added to. Hasar would take a print of the image and turn this into an origami shape. This shape would be laid out over another print and cover the face of the subject, then being rephotographed as the final version. Whereas the hide and seek images I really loved, even the video showing the people ‘disappearing’, the work within ‘Cosmic Surgery’ made me feel really uncomfortable. You struggle to see the person within the origami; the effect is very alien with a disfigured set of shapes with eyes, noses and mouths all in different positions on the face.

Jack Latham

Latham, a new graduate from a documentary photography course, presented a piece of work taken over two visits to the USA where he would retrace the steps of the pioneers along the Oregon Trail. At the time of the presentation he had taken the images over two visits and was planning a final one to complete the series. Using a large wooden camera he looked at areas around motels, looking at pit stops where you would stop and gather yourself before moving on. He wasn’t trying to document or make a statement about the people he met, they were just people he stumbled upon and got talking to, he would talk to the people he met for a while before introducing the photography as he doesn’t want to exploit them.

Chloe Dewe Matthews

The series presented by Dewe Matthews was an older piece of work called Banger Boys of Britain. This was a four year old project that she undertook when she was first getting to grips with photography. As the title suggests she was focusing on the sport of banger racing and the images showed the whole range from the pit area and getting ready through to the final smash up, with Dewe Matthews saying that for her, the action leading up to the race and final smash was more exciting. Photography in her view is about getting there and having a role within the system, everyone is playing a role. I really enjoyed this talk and actually mentioned to a friend that I was visiting with that she reminded me of Tom Wood. All the subjects are respectfully treated and that comes across, she’s gotten to know the subject and area and the repeated exposure shows in the images.

Break time

We had a halfway break at this point when I chose to go and nosy at the miniclick stand where I bought a copy of their March journal. Featuring some of the photographers in this event and some new ones, this was a really interesting introduction to some photographers new to me and showing some examples of their work. I was quite pleased as Laura Pannack, who I enjoyed listening to on the Thursday was featured.

After the break, we continued with the remaining 5 photographers, looking at my notes and thinking back, I think that I engaged more with these photographers and their work but I’ll certainly be looking out for all of them in the future.

Niall McDiarmid

I’ve put a large asterisk against my notes for Niall McDiarmid, and looking back I remember how engaged I was with his talk and work. I would have liked to have seen more but obviously everyone has their own timeslot. His project ‘Crossing Paths’ started in walks around London, and then he started stopping at commuter towns outside of London. His work is portraits, he looks for people as he’s out and about, taking a couple of shots of each person but not wanting anything that would distract. Looking at their clothing and the surrounding area and framing them in the right place so that the colours complement each other and don’t clash but considering colours, shapes and textures within the subject and the area. From here he extended to group shots looking at the dynamic between the people. The idea behind the work was that he would go for a walk and see who he could meet. Unfortunately due to the time constraint, he said that there were individual stories with each of the people but that he hadn’t time to go into these at this point- but I would love to know the back stories and how he felt as he spotted people that were photogenic. As he said photographing people is always a challenge as the dynamics don’t always work. At the moment he is still travelling about the country, working in different regions, looking at places that seem to have fallen off the photographic radar.

Jenny Wicks

Most of Wicks’ work looks at identity and the impact that environment can have on us. She showed the genetic lottery work, ‘Root Ginger: A study of red hair’ looking at the genes carried out which determine red hair. This project took on a life of its own and while she undertook it with a positive view, showing how stunning redheads can be, it also attracted a lot of press interest and negativity. Wicks felt that you can lose perspective hen working on a long project and feels this lots it integrity and that the press publicity created a negative impact on the actual project. I missed this project and all of the press interest, however I do know that the images in her slideshow were stunning and the little child with blue eyes and porcelain skin is breath taking in its colours and beauty. The second work Wicks showed was a piece on trying to re envision herself from being trapped between parenthood and photography.

Sophie Gerrard

Gerrard started off as an environmental scientist but changed roles after she realised she wanted to be the person showing the areas that needed looking after. After she moved back to Scotland, she noticed that her personal voice getting stronger, with work featuring people in their environments and how it affects them. She feels that she has the responsibility got representing these people and showing them as part of a context, her current project is ‘Drawn to the land’ featuring women farmers.

Ciara Leeming

Leeming’s ‘Roma Britain’ project is photographing Romanian and eastern European roma people that have moved over the UK. Her neighbourhood has a lot of Roma and wanted to get access to the community. One of the subjects that she is working with is a young Roma girl who is walking a tightrope between being a traditional Roma woman and the non-traditional more westernised person. What comes across is that Leeming really knows her audience, she’s sympathetic, no agenda and just showing an honest representation of this community and she is trying to challenge stereotypes and showing the tensions between family and community and tradition.

Maja Daniels

Daniels’ work features two identical twins Monette & Mady who call themselves the ‘diamond sisters’. Based in Paris, they used to be in cabaret together but now have Paris as their stage as they dress identically and adopt the same poses. While this is a positive and alternative attitude to aging, they have also created their own sideshow as they walk around and pose around the city


This was a really good event and more than worth seeing, it actually overran but could stretch to longer than a couple of hours anyway. Seeing snapshots of different work and projects is quite exciting as even if you don’t like some of it, there will be something else. I also found that even if I didn’t like the images, I enjoyed listening to the background and why they had taken these images or looked at a special subject. I don’t expect everyone to like all of my work it’s about knowing what it works and why the photographer has done it that way.

William Egglestone article in BJP

I was travelling on the train to Liverpool to take part in some of the opening events of the Look 13 festival. Reading the latest issue of the British Journal of Photography, there was an article on William Egglestone. He discusses the difficulty of colour, making all the colours in the composition work together,. He gives an example of red- there’s not much that’s found in nature that’s red and stands out as a warning colour. As I read this I’m looking out of the train window, From my seat I see lots of green tones, blue sky, white clouds and white and yellow flowers. The only red I’ve seen is the sign of no crossing at one of the stations. What else is red? The red of a horse blanket as it grazes, a lost football at the side of the track, a red fabric warning flag. On my journey all I see are man made red objects.

Assignment 3: Buildings in Use

Assignment Brief
Choose five or six buildings and for each produce between two and four images that describe effectively and attractively the way in which these spaces are used.
You can choose to include people in the images or not
For each building it is important that you conduct some research beforehand either archival or personal (or both) so that you have:
– A good understanding of how and why it was designed in the way it is
– An opinion on its effectiveness as a usable space
Try to encompass variety in your choice of buildings including size and purpose
Write a short statement demonstrating your understanding of the function of each building, the way it was designed to achieve that, and how well you believe it succeeds
Describe briefly how you initially set about showing the important features of each building photographically, and what you learned during the course of shooting the assignment

After looking at the brief, I started off with an idea that I didn’t just want to go and photograph any buildings; I wanted a theme or a link between the images. The first idea that I’d had was to capture the space and buildings that had some relevance or meaning to me, such as the Liverpool Anglican cathedral where I graduated. As I progressed with this, I’d begun to see that I had a trend of using museums and galleries and there were more of them in my original work than I’d planned.
When reviewing the first few images, I wasn’t happy that I’d captured the space and its use effectively. Going back to the drawing board I then began to think more about how museums and galleries have changed and redeveloped with the changing trends in visitors. I subscribe to a museum journal newsletter so could see that audiences and the expectations were changing, for example “New museum policies should focus on how to become more stimulating, participative and inclusive, while staying educative and enriching. Museums should propose a multidimensional offer to visitors, without falling into an empty event promotion” (Hanquinet & Savage 2012)
It’s with this in mind that I put together a mix of images that show the change from what we recognise as a traditional museum and the changes, and improvements made for today’s and future audiences.
The brief asks you to encompass variety in your images and the sample journals that I’d seen online by other students all featured different types of buildings and space so I emailed my outline plan to my tutor to compare the different spaces in the same type of building, working to the same audience and he agreed that this could be done.
My new focus was looking at the change in museums and galleries, how the space was used for exhibitions, visitors, how they’d been improved and developed over time.

The Process
Once I’d confirmed the scope, I then started to look at a selection of museums and galleries and drew up a shortlist of old, new, specific, and general and those that had been through development. Visiting and photographing nine different sites, I followed my usual process of selection, review, editing, printing and re-selection. While I’d been through a process of selection using a shortlist on a contact sheet, once I’d received the prints back, I wasn’t happy with the way some of them had come out. While I’d viewed the edited images on different monitors to check the colours, some of them were darker than I’d planned or the colours were not as crisp as I’d envisaged on the screen. I put the images to one side for a couple of weeks while I caught up with some subject reading and went back to research my locations to see if I could revisit some of the images or if there were any other locations that might be more suitable. I’d revisited some of the previous images that I’d not thought of using as I found that as the more I progresses, the more my thoughts changed on what I wanted to show and represent.


Editing, Processing & Technical Details
All of the images were taken on a Canon 7d with the lenses being used:-
Canon 50mm f/1.8 Sigma 24-60mm Lensbaby Composer
Minimal editing with Photoshop CS6 was undertaken with tweaks to colour, saturations and some black and white conversion. I’ve chosen to get these printed by a third party company as while my Canon 6150 printer does photo printing well with separate black ink tanks and a grey tank, I’ve currently run out of ink. However I would in future either stick to outsourcing from one company for all work or print at home as opposed to mixing through the term of submitting assignments. I prefer to use a matte paper for my images with a white border. While I’ve tried glossy images and have undertaken a side by side comparison between matte and gloss on a black and white image in this series, I find the high gloss far too reflective. Further inspection to my eyes didn’t reveal a great difference in tones between the two and at the moment I prefer matte or satin paper with some texture. There have and still continues to be plenty of debate on the student forums on printing, it’s something I will monitor and change if I feel that a subject needs a different approach, different paper type or has a different audience where it would be appropriate to use this.

I thought that this was going to be a straightforward exercise, even after my change of scope. However as I undertook more research and spent longer visiting these locations, my thoughts on just providing a photographic representation of the chosen building and space changed. Partway through my work on this I’d reviewed the results of my formal assessment for my previous course. I’d been disappointed with my scoring so I hit a wall with what I’d done and what I needed to do. I wasn’t happy with the selective images and whether they had the ability to fulfil my brief. I’d taken so many images over the different sites that I’d almost made this too large a body of work with the number of images. I didn’t know whether I wanted to revisit some of the locations to see if I could do better or whether to rethink my whole idea. Reading through the assessment criteria provided as part of the study guide, I was looking for the gaps where I felt that I need to improve, one of the things that I realised was that I was just taking photographs of the space as a record of what’s there and that I’d lost some creativity as I’d worked through.
One of the exercises I’d undertaken when I wasn’t happy with the progress I’d made was to lay the images out in their series again and review, but I also started brainstorming what people expect in a museum or gallery and also what the spaces inside these are used for.



Luckily the Easter break was upon us so I chose to forget about coursework and try to clear my head as I find sometimes some space away gives me more clarity and the thinking time helps. During the break I planned to visit two other museums that I visit quite frequently for a change of scene. As I had been there before, I had no agenda apart from just wandering around with my camera, I thought that I’d continue to focus on the space and while I had one eye on my assignment brief. I felt a freedom and a sense of experimentation using my 50mm prime lens and my Lensbaby composer. I’d been thinking about the previous images and wanted to be a little more experimental and creative showing a different viewpoint to the usual point of view.
Looking back, I think that the break away from working on this assignment helped but that in the future if I don’t feel that my work is what I expected or wanted, that I can start again and not be concerned as until you sits down with prints, it’s not always clear if you met the brief you were working to.

Manchester Art Gallery
The former city art gallery had been built for an audience very much of its time in 1892, a lack of space extended the building with an athenaeum in 1938. A redevelopment programme in the late 1990s cumulated in the newly developed galleries opening to the public in 2002.Bridging the gap between the older buildings and the newly built expansion is a glass walkway and staircase leading the visitors into the new galleries and the changing exhibition gallery compared to the traditional galleries. The space is not limited to being purely functional, the foyer on the ground floor holds an information desk, there are rooms leading off that can be used for events. I’ve attended a photography lecture in these rooms, and then hanging above the staircase is the metal sculpture ‘Filter’ by Antony Gormley providing a focal point of interest as you walk up and get higher to the individual galleries. It is all personal preference as to what you think of the space as a visitor, I’ve been many times to the gallery and love the older works such as the pre-Raphaelite collection, yet it’s where the newer, more spacious side that appeals to me more. The white walls are prime blank canvases for touring exhibitions, at the time of visiting for this the Raqib Shaw exhibition was on and the vivid colours and textures in his work benefitted from the neutrality. The space is very much a mix of old and new, however it works as the types of work exhibited is paired with the most appropriate gallery layout that suits its age, for example the galleries hosting the Victorian art is very much in keeping with the decoration and colours of that period.

The Balcony (Image1)


The Steps (Image 2)
For both the images, when thinking about the effectiveness of the space, these are both areas where there are limitations. On a balcony there is only so much space so that paintings and hung 2d works will fit more appropriately than 3d sculptures. The use of hanging baskets is in my eyes innovative and really stands out as I’ve never seen that done before and the splash of green breaks up the colouring of the stone. Again there is limited scope that can be done as part of a staircase but the usage of modern materials and the light coming through the glass helps to create a focal point and maximises the feeling of space.


Manchester Museum
As with the Manchester Art gallery, Manchester museum has also evolved from a traditional stone building to one that has been modernised and expanded with work still continuing in some galleries. While the gallery also features a connecting glass corridor between the buildings that is not what caught my eye when I visited. The ‘Ancient World’s’ gallery reopened in October 2012, originally it had the feel of a much older museum, dark rooms with lots of exhibits have been transformed in a much more open mix. It had previously had the feel of an older more traditional museum when the visitor experience has been moving towards a more interactive way of visiting. Now the gallery is a much lighter space, taking advantage of the large glass windows with a mixture of glass cabinets, stone exhibits and illuminated panels providing information on key people. When I visited the light was shining through the windows on the left and casting long shadows onto the cabinets. I took a number of photographs as I wanted the light but also to capture the new way of presenting information in the panels. I feel that this really shows the juxtaposition between the old and the new, and that this manages to be modern but still keeping its heritage.


The Gallery (Image 3)
The Allotment (Image 4)


While there is a large focus on the inside of a museum/gallery, one of the features that I felt needed capturing was the allotment space. I’ve included this for two reasons, it’s very obvious, being positioned outside the main entrance to that all visitors walk past this to get entry to the museum, the other reason is that it’s a prime example extending the gallery space outside and also provides hands on education. Again it’s an evolution of what exhibits should be in a museum combined with what’s needed for the audience and to educate with

Foundation of Art and Creative Technology (FACT) Liverpool
The Foundation of Art and Creative Technology (FACT) stands out within the series of images due to the very modern external profile. This purpose built site opened in 2003 and while I took a number of photographs within the building, I felt that it was important to show the exterior and the colour contrast between the orange and the grey. The façade of the building is very different to the exteriors of some of the other museums due to the relative newness of the building and its purpose built manner. While this image isn’t about the internal use of space, if a building doesn’t appear attractive on the outside, it won’t be able to attract in the visitors required.
The second image shows the building in use, while there were a number of photographs taken of the inside space, most of it is very open and can be utilised in whatever way they need. They have static unchanging spaces such as the café and the box office, the rest of the space in neutral grey can be used as a blank canvas as required with floor space and hanging space. My chosen image of the staircase is a strong image that has shapes and lines that draw the eye in and the people at the top help to show the use and the fact it connects the two main spaces within the building leading up to the cinema, bar and a further exhibition space. While there were a number of photographs taken of the inside space, most of it is very open and can be utilised in whatever way they need. They have static unchanging spaces such as the café and the box office, the rest of the space in neutral grey can be used as a blank canvas as required with floor space and hanging space. My chosen image of the staircase is a strong image that has shapes and lines that draw the eye in and the people at the top help to show the use and the fact it connects the two main spaces within the building leading up to the cinema, bar and a further exhibition space. Is it effective space? Well it’s been designed with a modern architectural style and materials compared with that of the older galleries, it’s also been built for a specific purpose of a space that can be used, adapted and is open to different art forms.


Staircase (Image 6)


Museum of Science and Industry (MOSI) Manchester
For the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, I’ve included these images as I feel that there is so much variety in the use of spaces. The site is based on an old railway and this can be seen with some of the tracks still remaining in place. There are four main buildings as a part of the visitor complex, some have been redeveloped and modernised, yet some are still as they were when I first visited on a school trip some years ago. The first two images were taken in the steam hall, a very large space that houses static steam engines and some full size locomotives. With this visit, I tried to be a little more creative in my subject and the composition. Within the power hall, there are large glass windows that allow the viewers on the street to look in, and also for light to come through. I was focusing on the gauge on the equipment but my eye was drawn to the triangle of lights falling onto the back wall. I decided to focus on this instead to show the brick structure of the building but still keeping the equipment in the background so that the viewer can see more than just the exhibits.
The second image was again in the power hall, and I wanted to include an image of the equipment and steam engines to enforce the message that this is a very specific collection and focus of the museum. I took two versions of this, one was a close up just on the movement of the working engine, but while it was effective at showing the action, it didn’t show the context. I opted for the wider image to show the engine working in its setting but also capturing the movement to give the viewer an idea that this is more than just static displays.
The final image is in the air and space gallery, this has been in need of some redevelopment for some time and is looking tired and even empty in some areas. I did focus on these but felt that that it didn’t fit what I wanted to show, there will always need to be a process of change and improvement which does rely on funding to do this. While there are some weaker areas in this gallery space, it’s also full of different vehicles and planes as the structure is large. While it wasn’t possible to get everything in shot, even with my widest lens, I focused on the one plane that really caught my eye. The former Lower Crumpfield Market hall and later city exhibition hall comprises of a large iron framed and glass structure that previously had fallen in dereliction before being bought by the museum. From the upper balcony, it’s possible to look out across the aeroplanes and through the large windows into the surrounding streets. The light was quite bright coming through the windows in the early afternoon so while I took the image in colour, my eyes saw this as monochrome so I converted it later in Photoshop. With the view of the plane and the large windows, it gives the sense of scale and space needed to exhibit this type of subject.
Power Hall (Image7)



Air and Space (Image 9)

Royal Air Force Museum, Cosford
In companion to MOSI, Cosford also displays aircraft and some other vehicles. Partly converted from an RAF training base, and still featuring in training and air shows, parts of Cosford are housed in large hangars with large opening doors to manoeuvre the aircraft around. In addition to this is the newly built cold war hangar that opened in 2007 and from the outside is a very tall, silver metal structure. I did take some images of this, but for me the most appropriate use of space was from the inside. I’d visited here many times previously and felt that I’d gone as far as I could in photographing the displays and space with my normal camera lenses. When I visited this time, I took my Lensbaby composer which I am still experimenting with. I wanted to capture the visitor interaction but without direct focus on the people, for me it’s all about the visitors using the space


Airfix (Image 9)
I feel this image really shows some of the space of the hangar but the effect of photographing this from the balcony and using the changeable tilt focus of the Lensbaby gives the image a sense of looking down onto something small. As a viewer you know the size of a plane and the building must there therefore be large to accommodate this but the effect tricks the eye and mind. As there were a lot of people visiting that day, I focused the lens on the right hand side to show the space but to get the blurred effect of the visitors moving through.
Cosford Balcony (Image 10)


Within the cold war hangar there are planes hanging from the ceiling in different positions as well as static displays over the different levels with a small high viewing balcony. My two images from within here show the different floors and levels. Image two is included as again it gives a sense of scale of the building with the large planes and then in the background the lift and balcony populated with visitors.
The next image is also within the cold war hangar, on the middle level you can see the ceiling of silver metal stretching up to the top of the image, the focus on the full size plane that’s hanging stands out with the yellow stripes on it. In the foreground there is a mixture of place and visitors with the Vickers Valiant in white on the right hand side of the screen. Again, I didn’t want the people in sharp focus, there were a lot of families visiting and for me the image was about the space bring used effectively and the visitors showing the scale and the fact this is a place that people choose to come to. The effect of blurring is an added advantage that no people or children can be identified so I didn’t need to get permission for the images.



Hanging (Image 11)
The final image was taken in the warplanes hangar, again the Lensbaby has rendered the people out of focus as I wanted a feel that the planes were static but the traffic of visitors was moving, and I think this is added to with the leading lines around the plane on the floor.


Visitors (Image 12)
I think that Cosford does use its space well, there are a few areas of free space and for events the hangar doors allow the planes to be moved (they can be moved out to make space for events) Where the space is most effectively used is within the cold war hangar, a purpose built building so that the planes and exhibitions have been planned in.

I’ve looked at the images that I’ve taken to see where they fit into the context of today’s photography. Some of the images such as the stairs are very much in keeping with the work of older photographers such as Aage Strüwing and City Hall stairs from 1956 with very defined lines and patterns.


However due to the number of images that I’ve taken and of the difference between the content in each, in this case its hard for me to find a current context with the varied styles covering the images within this project.
What I expected to be an easy assignment has proved to be a very tricky one, which I feel has really pushed me. I’ve struggled with the scope, narrowing it down, feeling creative and feeling that I’ve met the brief that I’ve set myself. However I’ve worked through the processes and am happy with
the final results. From this I feel that the time and effort that I spent in consideration and redoing this until I felt it was right, was worth it.

Elwall, Robert (2004) Building with Light: The international history of architectural photography. Merrell Publishers
Hanquinet, Laura & Savage, Mike (2012) ‘Educative Leisure’ and the art museum
Kopelaw, Gerry (2007) Architectural Photography: The Digital Way. Princeton Architectural Press
A guide to current architectural photographers http://blog.buildllc.com/2010/09/a-guide-to-current-architectural-photographers/ (Link valid 23/04/13)