Monthly Archives: March 2012

DPP Assignment One: Workflow


Devise a themed assignment on a topic that interests you and in a field of photography with which you feel comfortable.

Use what you’ve learned to far to construct an effective workflow, all the way through to the final displayed image. Your work can be in the form of either prints or a web gallery.

List all the steps in your workflow with a commentary about what you did.

Assignment Background

For this assignment, I combined it with the previous exercise on editing as I felt that I’d be taking a number of images that could be used for both and that the editing I undertake for the assignment would also be the logical order that I would use in the exercise: editing.

My themed assignment, and one which I tend to come back to on a regular basis is wildlife photography based on a day at the zoo, I’ve used this before in previous assignments as I am always looking to improve my animal and zoo images, and I think this will be something that I continue throughout my photographic career.

I’ve broken the workflow down into the different stages and then into the steps under each for this assignment, and this logic would be applied to any future event that I was planning to photograph.



1) Define the scope Look at the assignment brief and decide that I want to focus on wildlife photography as that’s one of my specialisms
2) Choose location I consider the best places to go to that will meet my brief, it has to be somewhere I can get access to plenty of animals and for my own preference somewhere where I know so I can plan the route and what I want to photograph. I’ve narrowed this down to either Martin Mere or Chester Zoo. I chose Chester Zoo as I knew there were some new animals and that I would have more success with subjects there than at Martin Mere. I have a set route that I take and I know where the animals are that I want to see, so I will follow this on the day.
3) Plan kit As it’s the zoo, I know that I need to take my 100-400 telephoto lens as that’s what I’ll be using for the majority of the images, and my 100mm macro lens to use if the animal houses are quiet. As I’m walking around all day and taking the large lens I know that I have to use my Slingshot backpack to fit it in.
4) Kit preparation The night before I plan to undertake the assignment, I format my two 8gb memory cards, putting one in the camera and the other as a spare in my bag. I already have one charged battery so I put that in the camera and charge the other as a spare.

I mount the camera lens and then ensure that all the dust has been blown off and it’s been cleaned with lens fluid. I then check the smaller lens that I am taking with me and ensure that is ready to go, and put that one into my camera bag.

5) Settings Part 1 I test the camera to ensure its all working and to ensure that it’s set to manual mode (which I prefer) with centre weighted metering.

The camera is set to record in RAW to give me more flexibility. I will review the rest of the settings on the day. The camera then gets packed into my bag.

During the assignment


6) Settings Part 2 On arrival at the zoo, I make my way to the first location, once there I unpack my camera and check the rest of the settings, as the light is dull and cloudy; I set the white balance to cloudy and the ISO to automatic to save me from having to change this. The aperture is set at 5.6 which is my default preference and I alter the shutter speed manually. I will review the white balance and ISO throughout the day as the conditions change.
7) Location Part 1 I break the day down into parts so part one is the immediate part of the zoo. One this route there is plenty of scope to photograph different animals, and on this day I capture some images of the painted dogs sleeping. I work my way around the rest of the route managing to capture the capybara outside but being disappointed that the baby tapir is through dirty and reflective glass so I had to leave that one. This part of the route completes and I use a morning break to sit down and do a quick review of the images I’ve taken to see that I’ve managed to capture what I wanted, and if not to make a note to go back for another pass later on.
8) Location Part 2 I continue over to the further side of the zoo passing by the cheetah enclosure, unfortunately there is a big crowd around the three that are outside so I decide after waiting a few minutes to come back later, as I detour towards the butterfly house, I notice there is one cheetah on its own running about. I stop and wait for a few minutes in the hope it will come close enough for a photo and I get lucky as it decides to get playful and roll around in the dirt. Unfortunately I have obstructions of grass in front of me, so I hope that I can crop this out in post-production, or that it’s enough out of focus that it won’t create a distraction. I follow the rest of the route ensuring that I manage to capture the animals I wanted to see, I miss the butterfly house as its very busy and very humid. I don’t want to change my lens and wait for it to acclimatise as it’s that busy I don’t feel I can get the space to just wait for the butterflies. I know that I can go back on a weekday and it will be quieter so I move on deciding that the animal houses are too busy to do anything other than observe. I then move onto the giant otters who are swimming about too much for me, and then I see a large crowd gathering with the tigers so I make my way over and the two cubs are out being fed with their parents. I manage to get into the crowd but struggle to get decent images through the glass. I feel that I get something to work with, and that I might be able to use Photoshop to enhance these. I’ve realised that I have to accept the limitations of photographing through glass and after about 15 minutes, I move on to the lion enclosure where the male was out in the sun and I got some good profile shots.

At this point in time it was nearing the end of the day and I started to head back, passing the cheetahs once again, and luckily there was one sat out, and the light was still golden so I managed to get a few clear images before the light started dipping and I headed back.

Post assignment


9) Download Once back home I download the 134 images onto my PC and also onto my laptop as backup into a new folder. As they are in RAW format, I use the Canon ZoomBrowser software to view and sort the images. I keep the data on the memory card and will only delete that when I need to reuse the card and once I’m happy that the images have been copied and stored safely.
10) Technical edit I view each image individually, using ZoomBrowser I enlarge the first image and then scroll through and giving each image a star rating to determine if I want to keep them. I can mark them from 1 to 3 stars and just for the sorting process I always use the 3 star. At this stage anything that is not technically accurate such as a blurred subject or where the animal has moved out of shot (possible with the cheetahs) will be marked as three star and then I review them in a separate window and if I am still happy, I then delete them. I will use the three star method again for the ones that I want to edit and work with later in the process.
11) The selects After I’ve deleted the images, I then review the first pass images to ensure that I’ve got the ones that I want to keep, and to see if I can reduce the numbers, deleting any duplicates or images that are very similar as I tend to have my camera on burst mode so I end up with a lot of very similar images, I edit them down to a couple of similar images for each of the topics.
12) Group and review After having a break of a day from the images, I have another look to ensure I’m happy and repeat the selection edit if appropriate. I find that having a break and looking at something else, or doing other photography helps to clear my mind and I find I can be a bit more ruthless at deleting images, otherwise I’d have hundreds and no storage space for them.
13) Final choice Once I have my final choice, I save these in a different folder with an appropriate name where I will keep the RAW files and also converted JPGS once I have reviewed them. I keep the seconds in a generic zoo folder as I might want to come back to them at a later date.
14) Edit I use Adobe Photoshop Elements 9 to edit and process my images. I open each image and usually only have to tweak the settings. I increase the level of the blacks and saturation slightly to give the images some more punch, I then open the image. If it needs a crop, I’ll then try different crops, or on some I will try a conversion to monochrome. I will then save the image as a high quality jpg.
15) Print or publish I review the processed images and while I might not actually print them at the time, I might make a note to use one in a calendar or to publish on my website when it’s due for an update.
16) Storage & Archiving Once I’m happy with the final images, I will transfer them off my PC onto my external HDD. I also regularly review and backup images to DVD.



I think that my workflow might differ from other peoples as I tend to break it down into very defined steps and maybe go a little too granular, but I like a clear path of actions to follow. With regards to adaptations, I have a couple for the way I take and produce my photographs. Firstly one adaptation is the time I spend selecting and editing, I tend to only delete the obvious ones to start with, then I tend to ensure I have gaps in between selecting and deleting in order to ensure that I don’t just get click happy and delete everything. While it does mean it takes a little longer and I tend to keep copies of the images for longer, sometimes I can have something that could work with some work, so instead of a tweak in Photoshop, I might look to convert it to black and white and add a crop for example. The second adaptation is how I review the images as I go along, I tend to take then check the image on the screen, and if it’s something that I really want to get right, and can do, I will try again. As my photography tends to revolve around a day long event, I ensure that I have a quick image review when I have a break, that way I’m still on location if I need to revisit something, although with animals it doesn’t always work- but it did on this day as earlier on, I couldn’t get a good composition of the cheetahs, later on as I was getting ready to head back they were sat out in the sun and still as statues! I also tailor my plan of the day depending to whether I’ve been to the location before, as regular visits tend to have a routine so I can go to where I want to be for the best images first.

My workflow current uses ZoomBrowser for viewing and then Photoshop Elements 9 for editing, I have used the Canon DPP software for editing, but I prefer Photoshop for the whole process. I am considering a move over to Lightroom, and was planning on purchasing this before I undertook this assignment; however I’ve decided to hold off with the introduction of Lightroom version 4 beta to see when a proposed release data will be for this. (Note since writing this post Lightroom 4 has been released and I am currently evaluating it with a view to purchasing it)

Final Images

Out of the number images, I’ve gone through the editing process and these are my chosen seven images that hopefully show a different viewpoint to a usual animal in a zoo image.

final selection


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Painted Dogs

I increased the blacks and the contrast to account for the fact that I took the image through glass, and then I cropped it slightly to focus on the sleeping animal.

Painted Dog_4466


I increased the blacks slightly, I left the rest of the colour tone alone and just added some sharpening as it was a soft image on the bat as it was moving around eating from the bowl. I like the silhouette and the colours as you don’t often see an image of a bat. At Chester flash isn’t allowed and I relied on low light and the yellow sunlight on one side of the enclosure to provide enough light for me to capture this image.



Cheetah 1

I increased the blacks and the contrast, then I cropped it to remove some of the out of focus grass in the foreground, but I kept some as its important to keep it in the right context and look like it’s a natural environment. I then converted it to black and white as I felt it worked better.

Cheetah 1_BW_4488

Cheetah 2

I increased the contrast slightly and the blacks, then just added some minor sharpening, and cropping the image to make it more focused on the animal.

Cheetah 2_4488


For this I increased the saturation and vibrance, dropping down the brightness to remove some the glare that had come through the glass, and this gave a more even histogram.


Tiger Cub

I increased the saturation and vibrance to bring the fur up to a more realistic colouring compared to what I saw on the day and increased the blacks to reduce the glare. While tempted to crop it, I wanted to keep the environment included.


Sitting Cheetah

I just increased the saturation and the blacks on this, I tried a crop but I liked the space around the subject as I feel that you look around the image to see the cheetah.

Sitting Cheetah_4595

Royal Photographic Society International Print Exhibition

The Royal Photographic Society was holding part of its 154th International Print Exhibition tour at the Civic in Barnsley.

There was a planned study visit to this exhibition planned for March, but as I wasn’t sure that I could actually make it that day, I decided to take the opportunity when I was visiting the area to call in.

As expected this exhibition featured a wide range of subject matter, from traditional portraits to landscapes, wildlife, architecture and more over its 124 prints.
Some of the images stood out to me as being worthy of a mention, there were also a small number that I didn’t like, or made me question its submission into the exhibition.


‘Nell’ by Justyna Neryng

This was the second image that I looked at in the exhibition, and while I’m not a fan of portraits, I found this very striking to look at. It’s a very unusual composition with the elaborate and ill-fitting costume, the different tones of white and the subjects pale face all combine to make me wonder what the background story is. The subject is the photographer’s daughter, yet due to the costume, it’s hard to see her as a child, yet not an adult almost a fairy-tale creature.

‘Melissa, 10 yrs’ by Charley Murrell

I found the subject matter quite thought provoking, was it controversial having a ten year old surrounded by the make-up and possessions of an adult, or was it a clever spin on childhood fantasy and dressing up. Reading the information, I can now see that it’s a mid-way between the two and I’d like to see how it fits into the rest of her series.

‘The Colour of Winter’ by Joe Cornish

Joe Cornish is one of my favourite landscape photographers and I wasn’t expecting to see one of his images in this exhibition. The colour of winter is a very organic close up compared to a typical landscape, and for me the mix of colours and textures made it an image that I’d be happy to look upon many times.

‘Buffalo Road’ by Steve Brabner

As a genre, wildlife photography is one of the areas I like to specialise in, and Buffalo Road grabbed my attention as it was very different to anything that I’d previously seen. Focusing on the buffalo in its environment, the composition of the buffalo forming lines leading the viewer’s eye into their journey is matched by a well-balanced symmetry. The snow shooting into the path of the animals adds a sense of movement, all combining to tell a story that I want to know more about.

‘Ginza Crossing’ by Duncan McKenzie

Very visually striking, the contrast of the white road markings against the dark grey of the tarmac grabs the eye, but then I found that my eyes were drawn to the lines all coming in together in the centre of the image. I have to wonder how it was taken with all the people on the crossings and the traffic stopped, is it really like that or was it a composite? It’s something that I want to look into and understand how it was created.

‘Spring’ by Xiaomeng Zhang

The gallery setting was perfect for this compared to the image printed in the catalogue. I needed to step up to this as from a distance, I couldn’t tell what I was looking at, and it was only on much closer inspection that I realised the frame was filled with geese. For me it highlights that sometimes the best medium to view photographs is exhibited and on a larger scale.

‘Herding for Return’ by Honglin Zhang

There is so much movement and activity in this image, it really speaks volumes, and the effort on all parts, both the men and the animals is obvious to see. The black and white tones really adds to the sense of drama for me, and it feels very much timeless.

While these were some of my standout images, there were some that I felt were out of place, or needed some more explanation.

‘Adams Apples’ by Liz Hardley

I’ve looked at this both at the gallery and afterwards in the exhibition catalogue. It’s very striking and eye catching and tells an interesting story, but the composition work such as the almost 3d apples, looks out of place with the rest of the examples within the gallery. To me it’s too much and clashes with the rest of the images in the exhibition.

‘Portrait of Birdman’ by Ray Spence

I didn’t know what to make of this, as opposed to a modern, eye catching image, it seems a Victorian curiosity and while I’ve enjoyed the majority of the exhibition this one has me confused.

‘Closer to God III and VII by Tobias Slater-Hunt

It wasn’t the fact that these two images feature nude models; I found it hard to see why these were entitled ‘Closer to God’ and why they had facial deformities. Sometimes I feel exhibitions focus on presenting an image, but no other information to the viewer, to enable them to make their own opinion when a few words on what the artist was thinking or hoping to show could be of use.

Exercise: Editing

The brief states that I could shoot these as part of the exercise or to combine then with another. I decided to combine this with the next exercise which is Assignment One: Workflow as the steps that I am undertaking for the editing the images are the same for all of my image processing

For this exercise I had to use a set of recently shot images, at least 50 covering the same theme or location, and then to follow a number of steps.

Step One- the technical edit

Where images are obviously faulty such as under exposed, with camera shake, highlight and remove these. As I use Canon’s ZoomBrowser software to view my images after download, I have the option to tag images with a number of stars, so any images that I don’t feel are good enough to keep a given a 3 star rating and then filter on 3 star images to get the ones that I want to remove.

Technical edit


Images to be deleted

Step two- the selects

The next step I took was to look at the images that were left and select the ones that meet what I wanted to achieve, as I took a number of images in a sequences of the animals such as the lions, I’ve reduced my selection down to three, and then I took a screen shot of the selected images.

Step three- the first selects

Once I’d undertaken the technical selection, I then had another look to select those ones that I would normally choose to keep and edit into usable jpgs. For each of these I’ve noted why I prefer it to some of the other images in the larger group. The second select images will be reviewed again to ensure that I’m not keeping a number of duplicates and they will be filed off as raw images which I might come back to later on if the jpgs images I have don’t quite meet my requirement, I’d only look to delete them if I was sure that I didn’t need any of them, but I find with places that I visit often, when I’ve got more images to add to the collection, I tend to review the older ones to see if any can be deleted. After reviewing the images I’ve managed to get the total number of images down to six. I kept the two lion shots in, as while I took a series of them these are the ones I like best due to the sunlight hitting the lions fur, I just need to decide whether I like the one where his head is turned up or more away. All off the images are still within the same folder; the star rating within ZoomBrowser allows me to just show the ones I’ve rated as potentials.

Step four- group and review

Something I always do when working with images is to leave the selected ones alone for a day or so while I do something else and then come back to them to see if my original thoughts still stand. During this process I reviewed my selection and then had another look over the seconds to ensure that I had made the right choice.

Group and review

Step five- a final choice

I’d begun with 134 images, I’d edited them down to 95 at the first pass, and then down to 6 and the two that I would choose for publication are the zebra image and the adult tiger image.

I picked the zebra image as it was a really interesting composition, I liked the space around the subject and felt that out of the series of the images, this was the one that stood out and worked the most. For the other image I picked the tiger, I liked the fact it was looking straight down the camera at me, and it had more impact than some of the others. I enhanced the colours slightly in Photoshop and cropped it so that it was focused on the tigers face.

Zebra camouflage not suited for UK Spring